Famous physicist and scientist Albert Einstein was born on April 14, 1879 in Ulm, Germany. He was a German theoretical physicist of Jewish origin. He moved to Munich, Germany with his family in 1808. His mother was a successful pianist. Albert had difficulty speaking before starting school. The magnetic compass he saw at a very young age attracted attention of Albert Einstein, and it was the genesis of his interest in science.
His family enrolled Albert Einstein in a Catholic primary school located near their home. Albert left the Catholic primary school at the age of nine and began studying at the Luitpold Gymnasium. In this new school, Albert Einstein enjoyed the sharp logic in the lessons of maths and Latin the most and got the highest grades. However, Albert Einstein had problems with his teachers at the Gymnasium, which had a stricter discipline than the Catholic primary school.
When his father and uncle's business failed, the two families decided to move to Italy from Munich, and Albert started a new life in Italy. Although Albert Einstein left high school when he moved to Italy, he did not want his education to be interrupted. Since Albert Einstein, who did not like discipline and militarism, did not want to perform compulsory military service, he requested a document from his father and renounced his German citizenship. Then, he applied for Swiss citizenship.
Einstein, who was under the age of 18, applied to Federal Polytechnic School with a special permission, as the admission age of this school was 18. Afterwards, Einstein wanted to enroll in the engineering section. In the exam, he obtained exceptional grades in mathematics and physics , but obtained inadequate results in other subjects. Upon this situation, the director of the school advised young Albert to reapply after receiving high-school diploma.
After receiving his high-school diploma, Einstein reapplied and enrolled in the Polytechnic School before he turned 18. Einstein enrolled in the engineering section and chose to study physics. In his third year in the school, when the physics subjects shown did not satisfy Albert Einstein, he displayed a know-it-all and disrespectful behavior. After graduating from the school and receiving his diploma in 1900, Einstein could not find a job in any academic institution for a long time due to his behavior.
Albert Einstein was unable to find a job after graduation. Then, he started to work as an examiner in the patent office of his friend's father. In 1908, Einstein also worked as a teacher at the University of Bern. Then, he quit both of his jobs as an examiner and a teacher, and started to work as an associate professor at the University of Zürich in 1909.
In 1911, Albert Einstein received the title of professor at the University of Karl Ferdinand in Prague and returned to Germany a few years later (in 1914). He was appointed as director at Kaiser Willhelm Institute for Physics and professor at the Humboldt University in Berlin. He was elected president of the German Physical Society in 1916. Based on the calculations he made according to his new theory of relativity, light from another star would be bent by the sun.
His prediction was confirmed by the observations of Arthur Eddington during the solar eclipse in the following years, and made Albert Einstein world-famous. He was awarded with Nobel Prize in 1921 Physics for his declaration on "photoelectric effect". He received the "Copley Medal" from the Royal Society in 1925.
Einstein got married with Mileva Maric, his classmate in Federal Polytechnic School, in 1903. Then, he began a love affair with his cousin Elsa Einstein, and got married with her after divorcing from his wife in 1919. During his visit to the universities in USA, the restriction applied to Jewish people, as well as banning Jewish people from appointing at official positions and initiation of book-burning campaign by Nazis, also affected Einstein. During this trip, Einstein stated that he would not return to Germany again, as his books were also among the burned books.
Albert Einstein had internal bleeding on April 18, 1955. The famous physicist refused treatment, saying: "I want to go when I want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share; it is time to go. I will do it elegantly.", and died in Princeton Hospital at 01:55 at the age of 76. During the autopsy, Thomas Harvey, the pathologist of Princeton Hospital, removed Einstein's brain, saying "This is the brain that changed everything about our world", and then, he put it in a bowl and took it his home. Harvey preserved Einstein's brain at his home until 1985, and then he delivered this brain, which changed the course of the world, to the hospital.